What is the difference between Medical Billing/Coding and Medical Transcription?

Medical Billing and Coding workers are the health care professionals in charge of processing patient data such as treatment records and related insurance information. Medical insurance billers and coders are tasked with coding a patient's diagnosis along with a request for payments from the patient's insurance company.

Medical Transcriptionists/Scribes listen to voice recordings that physicians and other healthcare professionals make and convert them into written reports. They may also review and edit medical documents created using speech recognition technology. Transcriptionists interpret medical terminology and abbreviations in preparing patients’ medical histories, discharge summaries, and other documents.

Medical Office Specialists perform routine clerical and administrative duties. They organize files, draft messages, schedule appointments, and support other staff.

Is there a need for these professions?

Employment of Medical Billers/Coders is projected to grow 22 percent from 2012 to 2022, much faster than the average for all occupations. The demand for health services is expected to increase as the population ages. 

Employment of Medical Transcriptionists is projected to grow 8 percent from 2012 to 2022.  The growing volume of healthcare services is expected to continue to increase demand for transcription services. 

Employment of Medical Office Specialists is projected to grow 12 percent from 2012 to 2022, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Many job openings will result from the need to replace workers who leave the occupation. Those with a combination of work experience and computer skills should have the best job prospects.


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